Citation Examples for

GIS Data and Software

 

 


Geospatial Citation Guide

Original version of the material below was adapted from material found at the American Geographical Society Library at the University of Milwaukee (now a dead link) For the curious, the original page still lives at the Internet Wayback Machine

Examples are derived from an ALA-produced style guide for cartographic materials:

Clark, Suzanne M, Mary Lynette Larsgaard, and Cynthia M. Teague. Cartographic Citations: A Style Guide, MAGERT Circular No. 1. Chicago: American Library Association, 1992.

 

1. Map-data/digital spatial data

* Citation Style: Author. Title [format]. Edition. Place of production: Producer, Date of copyright or production.
* Example: U.S. Bureau of the Census. TIGER/Line Precensus FIles, 1990: New England [computer optical disk]. Washington, D.C.: Bureau of the Census, 1990.

2. Map created from digital spatial data

* Citation Style: Author. Map title [format]. Scale. Computer database title [format]. Edition. Place of production: Producer, Date of copyright or production. (May be followed by) Using: Author. Computer software title [format]. Edition. Place of production: Producer, Date of copyright or production.
* Example 1: PC Globe. [Idaho – Elevations]* [computer map]. 1-1/8” = approx. 100 mi. PC USA [computer disk]. Tempe, Ariz.: PC Globe, 1989. * use [ ] for an assumed title known to you but not stated on the map.
* Example2:U.S. Geological Survey. [Alaska] *[computer map]. Scale not given. 1:2,000,000-Scale Digital Line Graph (DLG) Data [computer optical disk]. Reston, Va.:USGS, 1990.
* * use [ ] for an assumedtitle known to you but not stated on the map.

3. Satellite data

* Citation Style: Author. Title [format]. Place of publication: Producer, Date when data collected.
* Example: U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration. [Santa Barbara Region, California]*E-2 429-17512-4, 5, 7 [computer reel]. Sioux Falls, S. Dak.: EROS Data Center, 1976.
* * use [ ] for an assumed title known to you but not stated on the map.

4. Aerial photographs

* Citation Style: Author. Title of frame number(s) [format]. Scale. Flight title (if part of flight). Place of publication: Publisher, Date of image collection (NOT date of reproduction).
* Example: Mark Hurd Aerial Surveys. San Miguel Island [aerial photographs]. 1:12,000. Goleta, Calif.: Mark Hurd Aerial Survey, 1964.


Original version of the material below is from the University of Waterloo

The examples below are adapted from "Electronic Styles: A Handbook for Citing Electronic Information.", by Xia Li and Nancy B. Crane


1. Data retrieved from a local area network:

Format:
Database Name [type of medium]. Producer location, province/state: Producer Name, year.

Examples:
City of Toronto Digital Orthophotos [computer file]. Toronto, Ontario: Land Information Toronto, 1997.

Grand River Watershed Data [computer file]. Cambridge, Ontario: Grand River Conservation Authority, 2003.


2. Data from a CD-ROM or commercial on-line database:

Format:
Database Name [type of medium]. (Year). Producer location, province/state: Producer name. Available: Supplier/Database identifier or number [Access date].

Example:
ESRI ArcCanada 2.0 [CD-ROM]. (1999). Redlands, CA: Environmental Systems Research Institute. Available: UMD Library Controlled Access G 3400 SVAR E87x [June 4th, 2003].


3. Data downloaded from a remote FTP server:

Format:
Datbase Name [type of medium]. (Year). Producer location, province/state: Producer name. Available FTP: address/path/file [Access date].

Example:
Canada Land Use Monitoring Program [computer file]. 1966-1986. Ottawa, ON: Ministry of Natural Resources. Available FTP: http://geogratis.cgdi.gc.ca/download/clump/ [June 4th, 2003].


4. Maps produced using GIS software:

Format:
"Map Title" [type of medium]. scale. Database Name [type of medium]. Producer location, province/state: Producer Name, year. Using: GIS Software Title [type of software]. Version or edition. Software Manufacturer Location, province/state: Software Manufacturer Name, date of software release/copyright.

Example:
"Wetlands and Floodplain in GRCA" [map]. 1:10,000. GRCA GIS Data [computer files]. Cambridge, Ont.: Grand River Conservation Authority, 2001. Using: ArcView GIS [GIS software]. Version 3.2. Redlands, CA: Environmental Systems Research Institute, Inc., 1992-1999.


See also:

The Columbia Guide to Online Style (link no longer active - now a paper publication (available at Amazon and removed from the web)

Citing Geospatial Data (at Carleton University)

Citing Maps (from Ohio Wesleyan University)

Guide to Citing Maps & Atlases (at McMaster University)


http://forest.mtu.edu/staff/mdhyslop/gis/citation.html
Page last modified July 9, 2014