Future of Vermicomposting
Landfill sites around the U.S. and world are filling to capacity and closing down. The following are some intriguing facts about the present methods of garbage disposal.
· America generates more waste every year, growing from 247 million tons of non-hazardous waste in 1990, to 409 million tons in 2001, according to Biocycle magazine, an industry publication. The State of Garbage in America, April 1999.
· The Fresh Kills landfill facility, Staten Island, New York is the world’s largest garbage dump. It covers over 3,000 acres and processes about 4,368,000 tons of garbage per year, or 14,000 tons per day, six days of the week. (Guiness Book of Records) Source: FYI, Page E8, Toronto Star, Sunday, April 12, 1998.
· At the current pace, we'll be generating 222 million tons of waste by the year 2000. http://envirosystemsinc.com/landfill.html
· In a recent survey of World Wastes subscribers, of those owning landfills, 53% expect their site to remain open 10+ years; 12% said 5 to 9 years; 7% reported 3 to4 years and a whopping 26% said less than 3 years.” http://envirosystemsinc.com/landfill.html
In the future, recycling of garbage will be necessary in order to sustain our health and environment.
1992 National Statistics from EPA and U.S. Postal Service:
What’s in our Trash? Where does our trash go?
If the world made use of vermiculture, paper, yard trimmings, and food waste would not be a part of our landfills.
· “In a composting system, redworms can eat half their weight in food each day. That means worms in a modest-sizes bin can convert 430 pounds of food scraps per year into usable fertilizer. That’s equivalent to the weight of two newborn elephants that otherwise would end up in landfills.” (The PriceCostco Connection, Vol. 11, No. 4, p 21)
and project developers met at the Fifth International Symposium on Earthworm
Ecology, hosted by Ohio State, to discuss earthworm ecology and its role in
organics recycling. Earthworms can be used directly in horticulture and
agriculture to enhance crop growth or to turn various residuals into beneficial
composts. Both of these uses were addressed at the conference. Research
continues into the effectiveness of earthworms in aerating soil, improving
drainage, and especially increasing fertility. The main research challenge in
vermicomposting of organic materials is that the heat generated by conventional
composting is too high for earthworms.