Madagascar and Soil Erosion

Bibliography compiled September 2002.

Part A. Printed Material.

General Background on Madagascar:

Allen, P.M. 1995. Madagascar: Conflicts of authority in the great island. Westview Press. Boulder.

Brown, Mervyn. 1978. Madagascar rediscovered: a history from early times to independence. Damien Tunnacliffe, London.

Covell, Maureen. 1995. Historical Dictionary of Madagascar. Scarecrow Press. Lanham MD.

Covell, Maureen. 1987. Madagascar: Politics, Economics, and Society. Frances Pinter (Publishers). London and New York.

Dorr, L.J. 1997. Plant Collectors in Madagascar and the Comoro Islands. Kew. London.

 

Specific Environmental and Erosion Material.

Battistine, R. and P. Verin. 1972. Man and the environment in Madagascar. Past problem and problems of today. Mongr. Biol. 1972:311-337.

Blaikie, P.M. 1985 The political economy of soil erosion in developing countries. Longman.

Blanc-Pamard, C. 2002. La foret et l'arbre en pays masikoro (Madagascar):un paradoxe environmental? Bois et forets des tropiques 271(1):5-22.

Blanc-Pamard, C. ; Milleville, P. 1985. Pratiques paysannes, perception du milieu et systeme agraire. {Peasant practices, perception of the environment and farming system.} In: Dynamique des systemes agraires / ORSTOM, laboratoire de sociologie et geographie africaines. Paris Editions de l'ORSTOM.

Bojo, J. 1996 The costs of land degradation in Sub-Saharan Africa. Ecological Economics 16(2):161-173.

Brand, J. and Pfund, J.L. 1998. Site-and watershed-level assessment of nutrient dynamics under shifting cultivation in eastern Madagascar. Agriculture, ecosystems & environment. 71(1/3):169-183.

Bouillet, J-P., abd G. Rakotovao. 1994. Eclaircie de rattrapage de Pinus kesiya a Madagascar. Bois et forets des tropiques 241(3):5-28.

Bouvet, J-M., and G. Andrianirina. 1991. L'Eucalyptus grandis a Madagascar. Bois et forets des tropiques. 226:5-19.

Chaix, G., and L. Ramamonjisoa. 2001. Production de semences pour les reboisements malgaches. Bois et forets des tropiques 269(3):49-64.

Dregne, H.E. 1990. Erosion and soil productivity in Africa. J. Soil and Water Conservation. 1990(July-August):431-436.

El-Swaify, S.A., et al. 1985. Soil erosion and conservation. Soil Conservation Society of America. Ames Iowa.

Fujisaka, S. 1990. Rainfed lowland rice: building research on farmer practice and technical knowledge. Agriculture, ecosystems and environment. 33(1):57-74.

Fujisaka, S. 1990. Agroecosystem and farmer practices and knowledge in Madagascar's Central Highland: toward improved rice-based systems research. IRRI research paper series - International Rice Research Institute. 143 (Aug 1990): 18 p. maps.

Gade, D.W. 1996. Deforestation and its effects in Highland Madagascar. Mountain Research and Development. 16(2):101-116.

Gallegos, C.M. 1997. Madagascar: unrealized potential in natural resources. Journal of Forestry. 95(2):10-15.

Grimshaw, R.G. 1997. The Potential Use of the Vetiver Grass Technology for Soil and Water Conservation and Land Stabilization in Madagascar. Report by Chemonics to USAID. October 28 to November 25, 1997

Jarosz, L. 1993. Defining and explaining tropical deforestation: shifting cultivation and population growth in colonial Madagascar. Econ. Geogr. 69(4):366-379.

Harper, D., and T. Brown (eds.) 1999. The sustainable management of tropical catchments. John Wiley & Sons. Chichester and New York.

Hudson, N. 1995. Soil Conservation. (3rd edition) Iowa State University Press. Ames.

Kramer, R. A., D. Richter, S. Pattanayak, and N. Sharma. 1997. Ecological and Economic Analysis of Watershed Protection in Eastern Madagascar, Journal of Environmental Management. 49(1997): 277-295.

Kull, C.A. 2000. Deforestation, Erosion, and Fire: Degradation Myths in the Environmental History of Madagascar. Environment and History 6(2000): 421-450.

Kull, C.A. 2002. Madagascar's burning issue: The peristent conflict over fire. Environnment 44(3):8-25.

Kussow, W., (ed.) 1982. Soil erosion and conservation in the tropics. ASA Special Publication Number 43. American Society of Agronomy. Madison WI. ISBN 0-89118-782-0

Lebot, V. 1996. L'amelioration genetique de feuillus exotiques a Madagascar. Bois et forets des tropiques 2247(1):21-36.

Marcus, Richard R. 2001. Seeing the Forest for the Trees: Integrated Conservation and Development Projects and Local Perceptions of Conservation in Madagascar. Human Ecology 29(4):381-397.

McConnell, William J. 2000. Human-environment relations in Madagascar: the importance of spatial and temporal perspective. PhD thesis. Clark University. 141 pp.

Messerli, P. 2000. Use of sensitivity analysis to evaluate key factors for improving slash-and-burn cultivation systems on the eastern escarpment of Madagascar. Mountain research and development. 20(1):32-41.

Olson, S.H. 1984. The robe of the ancestors: forests in the history of Madagascar. J. of Forest History 28(4):174-186.

Olson, S. 1987. Red destinies: the landscape of environmental risk in Madagascar. Human ecology. 15(1):67-89.

Olson, S. 1989. Environments as shock absorbers, examples from Madagascar. Env. Rev. 12(4):61-81.

Oxby, C. 1985. Forest farmers--the transformation of land use and society in eastern Madagascar. Unasylva. 37(148):42-51.

Rakotoarisoa, Jean-Aime. 2000. Thousand years of human occupation of the South-East of Madagascar: Anosy, an island in the midst of land. Peace Research Abstracts. 37(2).

Randrianarijaona, Philemon. 1983. The erosion of Madagascar. Ambio 12(6):308-311.

Sanchez, P.A. 1976. Properties and management of soils in the tropics. Wiley-Interscience. New York.

Schmitt, L. et al. 1995. La fertilization de Pinus kesiya a Madagascar. Bois et forets des tropiques 245(3):45-58.

Stocking, M., and R. Clark. 1999. Soil productivity and erosion: biophysical and farmer-perspective assessment for hillslopes. Mountain Research and Development. 19(3):191-202.

Styger, E., J.E.M. Rakotoarimanana, R. Rabevohitra, and E.C.M. Fernandes, E.C.M. 1999. Indigenous fruit trees of Madagascar: potential components of agroforestry systems to improve human nutrition and restore biological diversity. Agroforestry systems. 46(3):289-310.

Tassin, J. 1995. La protection des basins versants a Madagascar. Bois et forets des tropiques 246(4):7-22.

Vergnette, de. 1971. Erosion, ruissellement et bilan de l'eau a befandriana-nord [Erosion, runoff and evaluation of water in Befandriana-North]. Madagascar : Centre technique forestier tropical.

Walker, Wendy M. 2001. Defending the environment, conserving social life, global visions and local values in Southern Madagascar. PhD dissertation. Johns Hopkins University. 341 pp.

 

Part B. Web Resources:

http://www.refer.mg/madag_ct/cop/one/en/index.htm is the home page for the National Office for the Environment in Madagascar. The related page http://www.refer.mg/madag_ct/cop/one/en/index.htm describes environmental problems and solutions.

http://directory.google.com/Top/Regional/Africa/Madagascar/Science_and_Environment/ is a short directory of other web resources in Madagascar.

http://www.kew.org/scihort/madagascar/links.html is another page with links, compiled by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

http://www.photius.com/wfb2000/countries/madagascar/madagascar_introduction.html is a general set of information on Madagascar and includes a little specific environmental information.

http://www.ourplanet.com/aaas/pdfs/186-87.pdf is a WWF pdf file on population and grazing and their impact on Madagascar.

http://membres.lycos.fr/bktm/ many great pictures, copyright involved.

http://www.riceweb.org/countries/madagas.htm has information on rice production in Madagascar.

http://www.american.edu/ted/MADAGAS.HTM Case study on deforestation in Madagascar.

http://www.colby.edu/personal/t/thtieten/defor-mad.html. Another good case study on deforestation and its impact.

http://www.erica.demon.co.uk/EH/EH617.html abstract of the article Kull, C.A. 2000. Deforestation, Erosion, and Fire: Degradation Myths in the Environmental History of Madagascar. Environment and History 6(2000): 421-450.

http://earth.rice.edu/mtpe/bio/biosphere/hot/humanimpacts/madagascar.html has a satellite image of erosion.

http://www.space-explorers.org/committees/ecology/madagascar.html has more erosion images.

http://www.aht-inter.com/html/madagascar24.html describes and erosion control project in Madagascar.

http://www.duke.edu/~kramer/research/Pubabs4.html is the abstract for Kramer, R. A., D. Richter, S. Pattanayak, and N. Sharma. 1997. Ecological and Economic Analysis of Watershed Protection in Eastern Madagascar, Journal of Environmental Management. 49(1997): 277-295.

http://www.wri.org/watersheds/degrade.html General information on watershed degradation.

http://web.africa.ufl.edu/asq/v3/v3i2a2.htm Freed, L.L., and B.Z. Freed. Agroforestry and conservation in northern Madagascar: hopes and hinderances. African Studies Quarterly. Online article.

http://www.odci.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/ma.html contains general information on Madagascar.

http://www.vetiver.com/MAD_project.htm is the online version of Grimshaw, R.G. 1997. The Potential Use of the Vetiver Grass Technology for Soil and Water Conservation and Land Stabilization in Madagascar. Report by Chemonics to USAID. October 28 to November 25 1997.


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