The National Institute for Climate Change Research (NICCR) is sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Office of Biological and Environmental Research (BER). The goal of NICCR is to mobilize university researchers, from all regions of the country, in the support of the climatic change research objectives of BER.
The Midwestern Region has supported work in the following states: North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas, Oklahoma, Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri, Wisconsin, Illinois, Michigan, Indiana, and Ohio.
Focus 1 projects will address potential effects of climatic change on terrestrial ecosystems. Projects should determine the theoretical and/or empirical basis of whether, and how, changes in temperature and/or changes in precipitation might affect the structure and functioning of important U.S. terrestrial ecosystems.
Focus 2 projects will improve the scientific basis for detecting or projecting changes in the geographic boundaries of U.S. terrestrial ecosystems (or biomes), and the populations of their dominant organisms, in response to potential climatic changes. Climatic changes of interest are the annual mean and seasonal and diel cycles of temperature and the annual amount, frequency, and temporal distribution of precipitation.
Focus 3 projects will address the measurement and analysis of contemporary exchanges of mass and energy between the atmosphere and regionally important terrestrial ecosystems or landscapes, and the use of those measurements and analyses to evaluate mechanisms that might be included in climate and carbon cycle models.
Focus 4 projects will carry out synthesis activities related to effects of climatic variability and change on U.S. terrestrial ecosystems, or feedbacks from terrestrial ecosystems to climatic change, principally with a regional focus. Projects should advance mechanistic understanding of how future climatic variability and change might influence terrestrial ecosystem structure and functioning.